Family Law: Essential and Formal Requisites of Marriage

No marriage in the Philippines shall be valid UNLESS the following essential and formal requisites are present as provided under Articles 2 and 3 of the Family Code of the Philippines.

ESSENTIAL REQUISITES

  1. LEGAL CAPACITY of the contracting parties who must be a MALE and a FEMALE; and

  2. CONSENT FREELY GIVEN IN THE PRESENCE OF the Solemnizing Officer.

FORMAL REQUISITES

  1. AUTHORITY of the Solemnizing Officer;

  2. A VALID MARRIAGE LICENSE EXCEPT in the case of marriages exempt from the license requirement; and

  3. A MARRIAGE CEREMONY which takes place with the APPEARANCE of the contracting parties BEFORE THE SOLEMNIZING OFFICER and their PERSONAL DECLARATION that they take each other as husband and wife IN THE PRESENCE of NOT LESS THAN TWO WITNESSES of LEGAL AGE.

The TOTAL ABSENCE of any of the ESSENTIAL or FORMAL requisites shall render the marriage VOID AB INITIO EXCEPT as stated in Article 35(2), supra, which provides that marriages contracted with either or both of the contracting parties believing in good faith that the Solemnizing Officer had the legal authority to perform marriages shall be valid.

A DEFECT in any of the ESSENTIAL requisites shall render the marriage VOIDABLE as provided in Article 45, supra.

An IRREGULARITY in the FORMAL requisites shall NOT AFFECT the validity of the marriage BUT the party or parties responsible for the irregularity shall be civilly, criminally, and administratively liable (Article 4, supra).

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6 thoughts on “Family Law: Essential and Formal Requisites of Marriage

  1. Good day po.
    Ask qu lang po kung voidable ang kasal ko.. Kinasal po ako nung Jan 16,2010, pero pinaregester po s nso ang kasal namen noong Feb 22,2010. Ang sabi po sa amin ng encharge person expired po ang liscense nung pastor na nagkasal sa amin during that day, kaya ipina register nila ang marriage namen nung narenew ang liscense nung nagkasal s amin.
    4 years n po kameng hiwalay ng asawa ko, gusto po namen magpa annual kaya lang masyadong mahal, naisip namen ang grounds ng kasal namen baka pwede naman ma void ang kasal namen?
    Thank you po at hoping for your reaponse.

    • Magandang araw po. Void ab initio po ang kanilang kasal sa dahilang walang AUTHORITY ang kanilang solemnizing officer sa araw ng kasal. Totally absent po ang formal requirement ng kasal na kailangang may AUTHORITY ang nagkasal sa inyo yamang sa araw ng kasal mismo ay expired po ang lisensiya ng pastor na nagkasal sa kanila.

      May apat po na requisites na dapat mag-concur upang ang isang pari, pastor, imam, o ministro ay magkaroon ng kapangyarihang mag-solemnize ng valid na kasal at ito ay ang mga sumusunod: (a) he must be duly authorized by his or her church or religious sect; (2) must act within the limits of the written authority granted to him or her by the church or religious sect; (3) must be registered with the civil registrar general; at (4) at least one of the contracting parties whose marriage he or she is to solemnize belongs to his or her church or religious sect. Walang kapangyarihang magkasal ang isang pari, pastor, imam, o ministro kung nabigo siyang mag-comply sa alinman sa apat na nabanggit.

      Magkayunpaman, kahit na void ab initio po ang inyong kasal, kailangan pa rin kayong mag-file sa tamang korte ng Petition for Declaration of Nullity of Marriage upang ipawalang-bisa ang inyong kasal. Tanging korte lamang ang may kapangyarihan para husgahan kung ang kasal ay may bisa o wala, void ab initio man ito o voidable.

    • Magandang araw po,,,,may gusto lng po ako e clarify tungkol s formal requisite of marriage.. Ano po ung ibig sbihin ng ”A valid marriage license except in cases provided in chapter 2 of this title.” kunting explanation lng po.Salamat

  2. Good day [deleted]. gusto ko po sanang magtanong kung void ab initio po ba ang kasal dahil wala po ako sa mismong araw ng kasal. The story goes like this Atty. yung ex-bf ko po ay may mga pinapirmahang papers without knowing na marriage licence at marriage certificate po pala yun ang sinabi nya po kasi para daw po makaghiwalay na daw po kami ng maayos at nagpapatunay daw po yun na wala na po kaming pakialam sa isat-isa it was march 2015 po. Nagpakita nalang po sya sakin this November 3, 2015 at pinapakita po yung papers na kukunin nya daw po ako sa amin dahil kasal daw po kami at may karapatan daw po sya sakin dahil asawa nya daw po ako. at vinerify po namin sa LCR at sa NSO at meron nga pong mga papers na married po kami at yung kasal po na nakalagay ay kasalang bayan happened on April 10, 2015 signed by our city mayor pero ang nakalagay po sa solemnizing officer ay name ng councilor. Ano po ang pwede kong gawin para po mapawalang bisa po ang kasal namin? Salamat po.

    • Magandang araw! Opo, void ab initio po ang inyong kasal sa dahilang walang marriage ceremony na naganap at walang consent kayo na ibinigay sa harap ng isang solemnizing officer. Mainam po na mag-file sila ng Petition for Declaration of Nullity of Marriage sa tamang korte.

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